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August 07, 2015

Syphilis

 

Syphilis

Syphilis is a sexually transmitted infection. It is caused by a type of bacteria known as Treponema pallidum. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, in 2006, more than 36,000 cases of syphilis were reported in the United States (CDC). According to statistics from the Mayo Clinic, the rate of syphilis among homosexual men has been rising consistently since 2000 (Mayo).

The first sign of syphilis is a small, painless sore. It can appear on your sexual organs, rectum, or inside your mouth. This sore is called a chancre. Often, people fail to notice it right away.

Syphilis can be tricky to diagnose. An infected person can go years without showing any symptoms. However, the earlier you discover the infection, the better it is. Syphilis that remains untreated for a long period can cause major damage to important organs, like the heart and brain.

Syphilis is only spread through intimate contact. It cannot be transmitted by (for example) sharing a toilet with another person, wearing their clothes, or using their eating utensils.

 

Stages of Syphilis Infection

Syphilis has four stages: primary, secondary, latent, and tertiary. It is most infectious in the first two stages. When syphilis is in the hidden or latent stage, the disease remains active but often with no symptoms and is not contagious to others. Tertiary syphilis is most dangerous for your health.

Primary Syphilis

The primary stage of syphilis occurs shortly after you are infected with the bacteria. It begins with a small and painless, but highly infectious, round sore called a chancre. This sore may appear on or inside your mouth or genitals, wherever the bacteria entered your body.

On average, the sore shows up around three weeks after infection, but it can take between 10 and 90 days. The sore remains for anywhere between two and six weeks.

Syphilis is transmitted by direct contact with a sore. This usually occurs during sexual activity.

Secondary Syphilis

During the second stage of syphilis, you may experience skin rashes and a sore throat. The rash will not itch and is usually found on your palms and soles. Some people do not notice the rash before it goes away.

Other symptoms of secondary syphilis may include:

  • headaches
  • swollen lymph glands
  • fatigue
  • fever
  • weight loss
  • hair loss
  • aching joints

These symptoms will go away whether or not you receive treatment. However, without treatment you will still be infected.

Secondary syphilis is often mistaken for another condition.

Latent Syphilis

The third stage of syphilis is the latent or hidden stage.  The primary and secondary symptoms disappear and you will not have any noticeable symptoms at this stage. However, you will still be infected with syphilis. The secondary symptoms could reappear. You could also remain in this stage for years before progressing to tertiary syphilis.

Tertiary Syphilis

The last stage of infection is tertiary syphilis. One-third of people who do not receive treatment for syphilis will enter this stage. Tertiary syphilis can occur years or decades after you are infected, and it is very serious. Some potential outcomes of tertiary syphilis include:

  • blindness
  • deafness
  • mental illness
  • memory loss
  • destruction of soft tissue and bone
  • neurological disorders (e.g., stroke and meningitis)
  • heart disease
  • neurosyphilis (brain or spinal cord infection)
  • death

 

How Is Syphilis Diagnosed?

If you think you might have syphilis, go to your doctor as soon as possible. The doctor will take a blood or urine sample to run tests. If a sore is present, your doctor will take a sample from the sore to determine if the syphilis bacteria are present.

If a doctor suspects that you are having nervous system problems because of tertiary syphilis, you may need a spinal tap. During this procedure, your spinal fluid is collected so that your doctor can test for bacteria.

Since the bacteria can be in your body without you knowing it, doctors will often screen pregnant women for syphilis. This is to prevent the fetus from being infected with congenital syphilis. Congenital syphilis can cause severe damage in a newborn. It can even be fatal.

 

Treating and Curing Syphilis

Primary and secondary syphilis are easy to treat with a penicillin injection. Penicillin is one of the most widely used antibiotics. It is usually effective in treating syphilis. People that are allergic to penicillin will be treated with a different oral antibiotic, such as tetracycline.

Neurosyphilis sufferers will get daily doses of IV administered penicillin. This will often require a brief hospital stay. Unfortunately, the damage caused by late syphilis cannot be reversed. The bacteria can be killed, but treatment will most likely focus on easing pain and discomfort.

During your treatment, make sure to avoid all sexual contact until all sores on your body are healed and your doctor tells you it is safe to resume sex. If you are sexually active, your partner should be treated as well. You should not resume sexual activity until both of your treatments are complete.

March 11, 2015

March 10 was National Women and Girls HIV/AIDS Awareness Day

  

 

National Women and Girls HIV/AIDS Awareness Day is observed on March 10 to raise awareness about how women can protect themselves and their partners from HIV.  

National Women and Girls HIV/AIDS Awareness Day is a time each year when organizations and communities across the country come together to help women and girls take action to protect themselves and their partners from HIV – through prevention, testing, and treatment. The observance is sponsored by the Office on Women’s Health of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

HIV Among Women and Girls

HIV remains a significant health issue for women and girls, who comprised 23% (280,200) of the 1.2 million people living with HIV in the United States in 2011. In 2013, one out of five (9,278) of the estimated 47,165 new diagnoses of HIV infection were among women and girls over age 13. The majority of these diagnoses (87%) were attributed to heterosexual contact. While these numbers are still too high, the latest available data about HIV among women and girls show some encouraging trends. The rate of HIV diagnoses among adult and adolescent women decreased from 8.3 per 100,000 in 2009 to 6.9 per 100,000 in 2013, due in part to a 21% reduction in the number of HIV infections among African American women from 2008 through 2010.

African American and Hispanic/Latina women continue to be disproportionately affected by HIV. The rate of HIV infection among African American women remains the highest among all women — 19 times that of white women and almost 4 times that of Hispanic/Latina women.* African American women face a number of challenges that contribute to their higher rates of HIV infection. Among other factors, the greater number of people living with HIV (prevalence) in a community can increase the risk of HIV infection with each new sexual encounter.

Although most (88%) of women living with HIV in 2011 were aware of their infection, less than half of them (45%) were engaged in medical care. Even fewer were prescribed antiretroviral medicines to treat HIV (41%), and less than a third (32%) had achieved viral suppression. Antiretroviral therapy (ART) reduces the amount of virus (viral load) in blood and body fluids and  can keep people with HIV healthy for many years, and greatly reduce the chance of transmitting HIV to sex partners if taken consistently and correctly. Testing, diagnosis, and achieving viral suppression through treatment are all essential to reducing new infections and improving the health of people with HIV.

*Hispanic/Latinos may be of any race. 

What Puts Women and Girls at Risk?

  • Having sex without a condom or other protection (i.e., HIV medicines like PrEP).
  • Anal sex is the riskiest type of sex for HIV transmission.
  • Ever having had sex without a condom or other protection with a male partner who also has sex with men.
  • Using drugs or alcohol, which can lead to risky sexual behaviors.
  • Being sexually abused may lead to difficulty in refusing unwanted sex, exchanging sex for drugs, or engaging in risky sexual behaviors.
  • Having more than one sex partner increases the chance that you will have sex with someone who is infected with HIV or another STD.

HIV Treatment Works poster

The HIV Treatment Workscampaign shows how people living with HIV have overcome barriers to get in care and stay on treatment.

Download PDF[526 KB]

What Can Women Do?

  • Get tested for HIV, alone or with your partner. To find a testing site near you, call 1-800-CDC-INFO (232-4636), go to http://gettested.cdc.gov/, or text your ZIP code to KNOW IT (566948). You can also buy a home testing kit online or at a pharmacy.
  • If you have HIV, start treatment as soon as possible with HIV medicines (also known as antiretroviral therapy or ART), and stay on treatment. ART can lower the level of virus in your body enough to improve your health, prolong your life, and prevent you from spreading HIV to others.
  • Get tested and treated for other STDs such as gonorrhea, syphilis, and chlamydia, and insist that your partners do too. Being infected with other STDs makes you more likely to get HIV. 
  • Choose not to have sex or choose to have sex with one partner and agree to be sexually active only with each other.  Both of you should get tested for HIV, and share your test results before you decide to have sex.
  • Choose less risky sexual behaviors. Anal sex, especially if you are the receptive partner, is the highest-risk sexual activity for getting HIV. Vaginal sex is much less risky, and oral sex carries much less risk than anal or vaginal sex
  • Use latex male condoms or female condoms correctly every time you have anal or vaginal sex. Condoms are the only effective form of birth control that also helps reduce the risk of transmitting HIV and most other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs).  
  • Talk to your doctor about HIV medicines to prevent HIV infection (known as PrEP) if you routinely have sex with someone who has or may have HIV.
  • See a doctor immediately if you have sex with someone who has or may have HIV, if you are not already taking PrEP. Starting medicine (known as PEP) within three days after a possible exposure reduces the chance of getting HIV.
  • Limit the number of people you have sex with. The fewer partners you have, the less likely you are to have sex with someone who is infected with HIV.
  • Don’t share injection drug equipment, such as needles, syringes, works, or anything that might bring you into contact with someone else's blood or bodily fluids.

More Information see here>>>

August 04, 2014

Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) to Prevent HIV Infection

Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) to Prevent HIV Infection: Questions and Answers

In July 2012 the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved the first use of an antiretroviral drug to prevent HIV infection. Truvada, a combination of two HIV medications, can now be used by persons who are HIV-negative to protect them from possible infection.

The following questions and answers are meant to educate consumers on PrEP and whether it is right for them.

What is Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP)?

A prophylactic is a drug you take to prevent disease. When you take a drug to prevent HIV infection, it is called HIV prophylaxis.

With Post-Exposure Prophylaxis (PEP), you take an HIV medication immediately after the exposure to HIV to prevent infection. With PrEP, if you are HIV-negative, you take Truvada before possible exposure to HIV to prevent infection.

Truvada is a combination of the drugs Emtriva and Viread. It was originally approved for treatment in 2004.

What does the new FDA approval of PrEP mean?

Recent research studies confirmed that Truvada safely and effectively prevented HIV infection among HIV-negative men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender women who have sex with men. Both groups were considered to be at high risk of infection. Based on the research findings, the FDA approved the use of PrEP for these two groups. 

Further research found that Truvada is also safe and effective at preventing HIV infection among heterosexual men and women. These includeserodiscordant couples, where one partner is HIV-positive and the other is HIV-negative. In July 2012, the FDA approved the use of PrEP for sexually active heterosexual men and women.  

The U.S. Public Health Service will soon issue complete guidelines on the use of PrEP. In the meantime, providers should rely on the CDC “interim guidance” for prescribing PrEP (see link below).

Why did the FDA approve an HIV drug for people who don't have HIV?

HIV medications and better medical care have helped many HIV-positive people regain their health, so that fewer people are progressing to AIDS and dying. However, nearly 50,000 people in the U.S. still get infected with HIV each year. Because the number of new infections has stayed constant in recent years, public health officials are looking for new and different ways to prevent infection. 

Using a preventive medication before exposure to a virus is not new. For example, people who travel to countries where malaria is a problem often take medications beforehand to protect them from being infected by mosquitos. 

What are the guidelines/requirements for providers to prescribe PrEP?

  • You must be HIV-negative.
  • You cannot have "flu-like" symptoms, which may indicate you have acute HIV phase, the earliest stage of infection.
  • Practice other forms of risk-reduction: use condoms; get tested for HIV regularly; don't share drug injection equipment; get risk-reduction counseling; and get screened for STDs and hepatitis B.
  • Stick to your HIV medication schedule. Take all your meds on time, as prescribed. Very few participants in the PrEP clinical trials developed resistance to the medications, even if they became infected with HIV. The researchers concluded that, if HIV-negative patients are monitored closely, the benefits of PrEP outweighed the risks connected with drug resistance.

How will my healthcare provider decide whether PrEP is right for me?

This will depend on a number of factors:

If you are an MSM

Your healthcare provider must first confirm that you are HIV-negative and that you have no current (flu-like) symptoms of acute HIV. Your provider will also test you for hepatitis B infection, for STDs, and for kidney function.    

Your provider has to conclude that you are at ongoing, high risk for HIV infection because of behaviors such as unprotected sex, needle sharing, or drug and alcohol use. Your provider will also consider how well you can stick with a PrEP medication schedule despite your risk behaviors.

If you are a heterosexual male or female

If you are a sexually active heterosexual adult who is HIV-negative, your provider can prescribe PrEP if you are at “very high risk” of getting HIV from penile-vaginal sex. This situation may occur if your partner is HIV-positive. Again, PrEP must be part of a larger effort to prevent HIV transmission. Your provider will talk to you about reducing your risk of infection, getting tested and treated for STDs, and taking your PrEP medications as prescribed.  

Does PrEP have significant side effects?

The main side effects felt by the patients in the PrEP clinical trials were mild nausea and problems with kidney function. Everyone who takes PrEP should see their medical provider for kidney function tests every six months

Is PrEP safe for pregnant or breastfeeding women?

Pregnant and breastfeeding women were not included in the PrEP research studies - so the safety and efficacy of Truvada for pregnant women and fetuses/infants has not been established. Women of child-bearing age should have a pregnancy test before beginning PrEP and at regular intervals while taking PrEP. If you are pregnant before starting PrEP or want to become pregnant while taking PrEP, talk with your healthcare provider about the risks and benefits.

The two drugs contained in Truvada have been used safely and effectively to prevent HIV transmission from mother to child - there was no harm to infants exposed to PrEP.

How much does PrEP cost? Is it covered by insurance?

Truvada, the PrEP drug, costs between $8,000 and $14,000 per year. You will also have to figure in the cost of four medical check-ups annually and possible lab tests. Check with your medical insurer to see if PrEP is covered.Read more here>>>

http://www.health.ny.gov/publications/0265/

March 22, 2014

HIV Tests and diagnosis

HIV is most commonly diagnosed by testing your blood or saliva for the presence of antibodies to the virus. Unfortunately, these types of HIV tests aren't accurate immediately after infection because it takes time for your body to develop these antibodies — usually up to 12 weeks. In rare cases, it can take up to six months for an HIV antibody test to become positive.

A newer type of test checks for HIV antigen, a protein produced by the virus immediately after infection. This test can confirm a diagnosis within days of infection. An earlier diagnosis may prompt people to take extra precautions to prevent transmission of the virus to others. There is also increasing evidence that early treatment may be of benefit.

Tests to tailor treatment

If you receive a diagnosis of HIV/AIDS, several types of tests can help your doctor determine what stage of the disease you have. These tests include:

  • CD4 count. CD4 cells are a type of white blood cell that's specifically targeted and destroyed by HIV. A healthy person's CD4 count can vary from 500 to more than 1,000. Even if a person has no symptoms, HIV infection progresses to AIDS when his or her CD4 count becomes less than 200.
  • Viral load. This test measures the amount of virus in your blood. Studies have shown that people with higher viral loads generally fare more poorly than do those with a lower viral load.
  • Drug resistance. This blood test determines whether the strain of HIV you have will be resistant to certain anti-HIV medications and the ones that may work better.

Tests for complications

Your doctor might also order lab tests to check for other infections or complications, including:

  • Tuberculosis
  • Hepatitis
  • Toxoplasmosis
  • Sexually transmitted infections
  • Liver or kidney damage
  • Urinary tract infection

January 07, 2014

WHERE TO GET FREE HIV TESTING

GET MORE  FACTS ON HIV AND AIDS AT OUR EDUCATIONAL CENTER

WE OFFER FREE HIV TESTING FRIDAYS AND SATURDAYS 3:00 pm-9:00 pm

We are a registered testing site for HIV Testing in collaboration with The Miami Dade County Health Department and Care Resource.

We provides  FREE confidential  HIV Testing, Counseling and samples of Condoms and Lubricants to each  client.

TYPE OF TEST OFFERED

We offer the  OraQuick ADVANCE Rapid HIV-1/2 Antibody Test

Detection is the first step in prevention. Stop the spread of HIV one simple test at a time.

The OraQuick ADVANCE® Rapid HIV-1/2 Antibody Test detects antibodies to HIV-1 and HIV-2 in 20 minutes.

 

  • Rapid
    Provides results in 20 minutes, enabling patients to learn their status in a single visit and allows HIV positive patients to be connected to care immediately.
  • Flexible
    Approved for oral fluid, plasma, fingerstick or venipuncture whole blood specimens. Ideal for both clinical and non-clinical settings.
  • Accurate
    Greater than 99% agreement with confirmatory Western blot.1
  • Simple
    CLIA-waived for oral fluid, fingerstick and venipuncture whole blood and offers the ability to test in non-traditional testing environments, such as outreach programs and mobile testing clinics.
  • Patient-Preferred2
    Offers patients accurate HIV testing without the need for blood or needles. Pain-free testing with oral fluid means more people get screened, more HIV positive patients are connected to care and fewer people are exposed.

 No  appointment is needed and  all walk-ins are encouraged and accepted.   Condom-USA continues to expand this  program and is looking to increase  education and awareness, especially among the  younger members of the  community. Miami Dade County continues to have one of the  highest HIV  infection rates in the nation.

 

Tests are conducted  on Fridays and Saturdays 3:00pm-10:00pm

*IT's FREE *No Needles

*No Blood

*Result in approx-20 Mins

*Free samples of Condoms and Lubes issued to each Client.

 The simple swab test takes place in the back room of the store and  the result is available within 20 minutes. Customers walk right in and  out, with complete anonymity.

Should you take the HIV  test?


For many people, HIV testing is important because they want to know their HIV status (whether they are infected or not infected with HIV). If they find out that they have HIV they can take steps to remain healthy. 
To make the decision to be tested, you need a clear understanding of what the test is and what the results mean. No matter what you decide, having safer sex and safer drug use will reduce the chances for putting yourself or someone else at risk for HIV infection.

You can find out more by contacting  Condom USA - in person or  on the phone a trained Officer will be available on Fridays and Saturdays to answer all your questions.

January 07, 2014

What Is AIDS? What Is HIV?

What Is AIDS? What Is HIV?

 

AIDS (Acquired immune deficiency syndrome or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) is a disease caused by a virus called HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus). The illness alters the immune system, making people much more vulnerable to infections and diseases. This susceptibility worsens as the disease progresses.


HIV is found in the body fluids of an infected person (semen and vaginal fluids, blood and breast milk). The virus is passed from one person to another through blood-to-blood and sexual contact. In addition, infected pregnant women can pass HIV to their babies during pregnancy, delivering the baby during childbirth, and through breast feeding.

HIV can be transmitted in many ways, such as vaginal, oral sex, anal sex, blood transfusion, and contaminated hypodermic needles.

Both the virus and the disease are often referred to together as HIV/AIDS. People with HIV have what is called HIV infection. As a result, some will then develop AIDS. The development of numerous opportunistic infections in an AIDS patient can ultimately lead to death. 

According to research, the origins of HIV date back to the late nineteenth or early twentieth century in west-central Africa. AIDS and its cause, HIV, were first identified and recognized in the early 1980s. 

There is currently no cure for HIV/AIDS. Treatments can slow the course of the disease - some infected people can live a long and relatively healthy life.

The HIV virus (AIDS virus) weakens the body's immune system. It is spread through sexual contact, needle sharing, or from an infected mother to baby. There may be no symptoms for years, but a blood test can tell if you have been infected. With appropriate treatment, many serious illnesses can be prevented. Some people have flu-like symptoms 1 to 2 months after they become infected, like swollen lymph nodes, fever, and headaches.

Update September 25th, 2013 - UNAIDS reported that since 2001, the number of HIV infections among children fell by 52% worldwide, and by 33% among adults and children combined.

January 06, 2014

TYPES OF HIV TESTING

HIV/AIDS Tests

There are accurate tests to identify whether or not you have been infected with the HIV virus. These can be done in the clinic or at home with the FDA-approved Home Access test kit. The test can be performed anonymously, with only a number to identify you. However, sometimes people may not test positive in the initial 6 months after infection. This time period is referred to as the "window period" in which antibodies may not have developed enough for a positive test. You can still transmit the virus to others during this time.

TYPES OF HIV TESTS

Antibody Tests: The most common HIV tests look for HIV antibodies in your body, rather than looking for HIV itself:

  • Enzyme immunoassay (EIA) tests use blood, oral fluid, or urine to detect HIV antibodies. Results for these tests can take up to two weeks.
  • Rapid HIV antibody tests also use blood, oral fluid, or urine to detect HIV antibodies. Results for these tests can take 10–20 minutes.

If you get a positive result from either of these tests, you will need to take another test, called a Western blot test, to confirm that result. It can take up to two weeks to confirm a positive result.

Antigen Tests
These tests are not as common as antibody tests, but they can be used to diagnose HIV infection earlier—from 1-3 weeks after you are first infected with HIV. Antigen tests require a blood sample.

PCR Test (Polymerase chain reaction test)
This test detects the genetic material of HIV itself, and can identify HIV in the blood within 2-3 weeks of infection.

Babies born to HIV-positive mothers are tested with a special PCR test, because their blood contains their mother's HIV antibodies for several months. This means they would test HIV-positive on a standard antibody test—but a PCR test can determine whether the babies have HIV themselves.

Blood supplies in most developed countries are screened for HIV using PCR tests. PCR tests are also used to measure viral loads for people who are HIV-positive.

Home testing kits are HIV antibody tests that you can take in the privacy of your own home. Currently only one test, the Home Access HIV-1 Test System, is approved by the FDA for this purpose. This is not a true HIV testing kit, but a sample-collection kit. You collect a sample of your blood by sticking your finger with a sterile lancet, put the blood on a special collection card in the kit, and send it back to laboratory for testing. At a later date, you call the lab for your results

 

January 06, 2014

HEPATITIS

 

HEPATITIS

  • What is it? There are five types of hepatitis -- A through E -- all of which cause inflammation of the liver. Type D affects only those who also have hepatitis B, and hepatitis E is extremely rare in the United States.
  • How is it contracted?
  • Type A hepatitis is contracted through anal-oral contact, by coming in contact with the feces of someone with hepatitis A, or by eating or drinking hepatitis A contaminated food or water.
  • Type B hepatitis can be contracted from infected blood, seminal fluid, vaginal secretions, or contaminated drug needles, including tattoo or body-piercing equipment. It can also be spread from a mother to her newborn.
  • Type C hepatitis is not easily spread through sex. You're more likely to get it through contact with infected blood, contaminated razors, needles, tattoo and body-piercing equipment, or manicure or pedicure tools that haven't been properly sanitized, and a mother can pass it to her baby during delivery.
  • Type D hepatitis can be passed through contact with infected blood, contaminated needles, or by sexual contact with an HIV-infected person.
  • Type E hepatitis is most likely to be transmitted in feces, through oral contact, or in water that's been contaminated.

January 06, 2014

CHLAMYDIA (NGU)

CHLAMYDIA

    1. What is Chlamydia (NGU)?

Treatment Chlamydia (misspelled as clamidia, chlamidia, clamydia, clymidia, chlymidia, clamidia, chlamidia, etc.) is a sexually transmitted disease (STD). Chlamydia trachomatis, or simply chlamydia, is a bacterial infection caused by pathogen (germ) Chlamydia trachomatis that usually infects the genitals of both men and women, but can also infect the throat, rectum and eyes. Chlamydia is one of the most common STD's - and because more than 50% who have chlamydia have no symptoms at all - chlamydia infection usually goes untreated.

Chlamydia photos & pictures >>>

Medications to treat chlamydia >>>

    1. How is Chlamydia Contracted?

Chlamydia is mainly passed through sexual activity:

  • vaginal or anal sex with an infected partner
  • oral sex, although this is less common
  • sharing sex toys
  • touching parts of the body with fingers (for example, chlamydia often occurs in the eyes)

You can NOT catch chlamydia from simple kissing, sharing baths, towels, cups, or from toilet seats.

Chlamydia prevention >>>

    1. Incubation Period of Chlamydia

7-21 days

    1. Signs and Symptoms of Chlamydia

2/3 of women and 1/2 of men who have chlamydia have no symptoms at all; others have symptoms so mild they aren't noticeable.

Chlamydia Symptoms in Women:

  • an unusual vaginal discharge
  • pain or a burning sensation when passing urine
  • bleeding between periods
  • pain during sex or bleeding after sex
  • low abdominal pain sometimes with nausea

Chlamydia Symptoms in Men:

    1. Testing of Chlamydia

A urine test and a swab test collecting fluid from the penis or vagina. (Swab test is obtained by briefly placing a swab in the opening of the urethra at the tip of the penis; this causes brief discomfort and a burning sensation)

    1. Treatment of Chlamydia - Is there a Cure for Chlamydia?

Chlamydia is simple to treat with antibiotics, either a single dose or a course lasting up to two weeks:

Treatment of Chlamydia:

  • Doxycycline 100 mg 2-3 times a day for 10-14 days, or
  • Zithromax® (azithromycin) 1.0 gm (4 x 250 mg) a single dose, or
  • Zithromax® Z-pak® (azithromycin) - 500mg on day 1, followed by 1 tab (250mg) once a day for 4 more days

To avoid re-infection, any sexual partners should be treated too. Treating gonorrhea is advocated for patients being treated for chlamydia, and vice versa (50% have both infections together)

Treatment of Gonorrhea:

  • Cipro® XR 500 mg a single dose, or
  • Levaquin® 500 mg a single dose, or
  • Tequin® 400 mg a single dose;

Once chlamydia has been successfully treated, it won't come back unless a new infection is picked up.

    1. If Chlamydia is Not Treated

Without treatment, chlamydia infection can spread to other parts of the body causing damage and serious long-term health problems.

In women, chlamydia can cause pelvic inflammatory disease, which can lead to:

  • ectopic pregnancy (a pregnancy outside the womb)
  • blocked fallopian tubes (the tubes which carry the egg from the ovaries to the womb), which can result in reduced fertility or infertility
  • long-term pelvic pain
  • early miscarriage or premature birth

In men, chlamydia can lead to:

  • painful inflammation of the testicles, which may result in reduced fertility or sterility
  • occasionally, Reiter's syndrome (inflammation of the joints, urethra and eyes)

January 06, 2014

HERPES (Herpes Simplex) -Type 2

HERPES (Herpes Simplex)

  • What is it? Two types of a viral infection characterized by periodic outbreaks of painful sores. Stress, sunburn, and certain foods are the primary causes of a herpes outbreak.
  • How is it contracted? Both herpes simplex virus-1 and virus-2 may be transmitted through sex, or by kissing or touching any affected area. A condom can prevent herpes transmission during vaginal or anal sex, but oral contact with genitals or open sores anywhere can spread the disease. Washing hands can also minimize transmission.
  • Incubation Period: Anywhere from five to twenty days
  • Symptoms: Herpes simplex virus-1 usually shows up as cold sores or blisters. For those who have herpes simplex virus-2, some have no symptoms, while others may show signs of an infection from five to twenty days after having sex with an infected partner. Early symptoms can include a burning sensation in the genitals, low back pain, pain when urinating, and flu-like symptoms. A short while later, small red bumps may appear around the genitals or on the mouth; later these bumps become painful blisters which then crust over, form a scab, and heal.
  • Herpes Simplex Virus Type 1

    Cold sores or "fever blisters" on the lips are a sign of herpes virus infection, usually caused by the type of herpes virus known as human herpes virus 1, or HHV-1. HHV-1 is usually not an STD, and it can be spread through kissing or household contact. It can also spread to the genitals. There is no cure for herpes infection, but medications can reduce the severity and duration of outbreaks.

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